What are the Different Types of Garage Door Springs – How do the Springs Work

There’s a good chance that you do not know what springs your garage door uses. A lot of people do not bother to know this. It is a little worrying because springs are one of the main parts of your garage door. So, for starters, what are different types of garage door springs?

What are the Different Types of Garage Door Springs

If your garage door is hard to open, you’ll likely need to check if a spring is broken. You’ll need to know what type of spring your garage door uses so you know what to replace it with. This post will go over the types of garage door springs. By the end of this article you’ll know the type of springs in your garage door. 

Torsion Springs

Torsion springs can range between 1 and 4 on each door. Their number is determined by strength, weight, and size of the door. You will find the springs directly over the door opening and lying on the metal shaft. When spring fits into its places, it is reinforced with aluminum drums on both sides of the shaft. 

On opening the door, the spring’s force is equally distributed over the shaft. It is then transferred to the drums in equal strength. The door cables are the last in line of receiving the force and they spin at the same pace for the door to open uniformly. 

Torsion springs are further subdivided into subcategories;

  • Early Set Torsion Spring: Their difference is that their mounting is at the center of the torsion shaft. You will also notice a difference in their hardware. 
  • Torque Master Torsion Spring: They hold the highest rank when it comes to safety. They are not left in the open, but rather in an enclosure of the shafts. You can spot winding cones at the end of the rod. To wind them, you will need a power drill. 
  • Standard Torsion Spring: They find common use in residential garage doors. Lightweight doors use one spring, while the heavier ones use two springs. The shaft runs along the middle to offer support to the springs. 
  • Steel Rolling Door Torsion Spring: These are dedicated to commercial premises. You will find the spring inside the torsion barrel. 

Extension Springs

These springs work by expanding and contracting. It is at the horizontal track where most of the weight originates. Typically, a door uses two extension springs. They take opposite sides of the door and are in parallel positioning of the horizontal track.

Subcategories of Extension Springs;

  • Double Looped: They come with two coils on both ends. The only downside of these springs is they will give you a hard time to replace them. 
  • Open Looped: They are famous for being effortless to change. They do not need disassembling.
  • Clipped Ends: You use these springs for relatively heavy doors. Of all the extension springs, these are the most difficult to replace. 

Bottom Line

If you were wondering what are the different types of garage door springs, now you know better. A garage door repair tip is to inspect the springs, and now you can tell the spring type on your door. This knowledge is important as it will help you take good care of your garage door. You can contact garage door professionals if the springs, or other parts of your garage door, need to be repaired.